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学霸初中三年精华英语笔记 ! 英语老师都惊呼“太全了”

2018-11-08 15:45:57来源:gdzsxx.com关注度:
导读:今天小助为大家分享的是初中英语学习笔记大全,涵盖了初中三年考点,按字母顺序排列,方便大家查看,大家一定要好好利用这份资料~

今天小助为大家分享的是初中英语学习笔记大全,涵盖了初中三年考点,按字母顺序排列,方便大家查看,大家一定要好好利用这份资料~

1

A

1?(see?、hear?、notice?、find?、feel?、listen?to?、?look?at?(感官动词)+do?

eg:I?like?watching?monkeys?jump.??

2?(比较级?+?and?+?比较级)?

表示越来越怎么样??

3?a?piece?of?cake?=easy??小菜一碟(容易)??

4?agree?with?sb??赞成某人?

5?all?kinds?of?各种各样???

?a?kind?of?一样??

6?all?over?the?world?=?the?whole?world???

整个世界?

7?along?with同……一道,伴随……??

eg?:?I?will?go?along?with?you.?

我将和你一起去?

8?As?soon?as?一怎么样就怎么样??

9?as?you?can?see???你是知道的?

10?ask?for???

……求助,?向…要…(直接接想要的东西)

11?ask?sb?for?sth?向某人什么

12?ask?sb?to?do?sth??让 某人某事??

ask?sb?not?to?do?叫某人不要做某事??

13?at?the?age?of??在……岁时??

eg:I?am?sixteen?.

I?am?at?the?age?of?sixteen.

14?at?the?beginning?of?……?

……的起初;……的开始?

15?at?the?end?of?+地点/+时间:?

最后,尽头,末尾.?

eg?:?At?the?end?of?the?day.???

16?at?this?time?of?year??在每年的这个时候?

2、B

17?be?/feel?confident?of?sth?/that?clause?+从句?

感觉/对什么有信心,自信???

eg?:?I?am?/?feel?confident?of?my?spoken?English?I?feel?that?I?can?pass?the?test.???

18?be?+?doing?:1?现在进行时?2?将来时?

19?be?able?to?(+?v?原)?=?can?(+?v?原)?能够……?

eg?:?She?is?able?to?sing?She?can?sing.???

20?be?able?to?do?sth?能够干什么?

eg?:she?is?able?to?sing.?

21?be?afraid?to?do?(of?sth?恐惧,害怕……?

eg?:?I'm?afraid?to?go?out?at?night?.

22?be?allowed?to?do?被允许做什么?

eg:?I'm?allowed?to?watch?TV.?我被允许看电视?

I?should?be?allowed?to?watch?TV.?我应该被允许看电视?

23?be?angry?with?sb?生某人的气?

eg?:?Don't?be?angry?with?me???

24?be?angry?with(at)?sb?for?doing?sth?为什么而生某人的气?

25?be?as…原级…as?和什么一样?

eg?:?She?is?as?tall?as?me?她和我一样高???

26?be?ashamed?to??

27?be?away?from?远离???

28?be?away?from?从……离开?

29?be?bad?for?对什么有害?

eg?:?Reading?books?in?the?sun?is?bad?for?your?eyes.?

在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好??

30?be?born?出生于?

31?be?busy?doing?sth?忙于做什么事?

be?busy?with?sth?忙于……???


32?be?careful?当心;小心?

33?be?different?from……?和什么不一样??

34?be?famous?for?以……著名?

35?be?friendly?to?sb?对某人友好?

36?be?from?=?come?from?来自??

eg?:He?is?from?Bejing?.

He?comes?from?Bejing?.

Is?he?from?Bejing???

Does?he?come?from?Bejing???


37?be?full?of?装满……的?

be?filled?with?充满?

eg:?The?glass?is?full?of?water?.

The?glass?is?filled?with?water?.


38?be?glad+to+do/从句?

39?be?going?to?+?v(原)?将来时?

40?be?good?at(+doing)?=?do?well?in?

在某方面善长,?善于……?


41?be?good?for?对什么有好处???

eg?:?Reading?aloud?is?good?for?your?English.???


42?be?happy?to?do?很高兴做某事?

43?be?helpful?to?sb?对某人有好处??

eg?:?Reading?aloud?is?helpful?to?you?.??

Exercising?is?helpful?to?your?bady?.??


44?be?in?good?health?身体健康?

45?be?in?trouble?处于困难中???

eg?:?She?is?in?trouble.??


46?be?interested?in?对某方面感兴趣?

47?be?late?for?=?come?late?to?迟到??

eg:?Be?late?for?class?上课迟到???


48?be?like?像……?

eg?:?I'm?like?my?mother??

49?be?mad?at??生某人的气?

50?be?made?from??由……制成?(制成以后看不见原材料)?

51?be?made?of?由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)?

52?be?not?sure?表不确定??

53?be?on?a?visit?to?参观???

54?be?popular?with?sb?受某人欢迎???

55?be?quiet?安静?

56?be?short?for?表**的缩写?

eg:?陶?is?short?for?陶俊杰???


57?be?sick?in?bed?生病在床?

58?be?sorry?to?do?sth?/ be?sorry?for?sb?对...感到抱歉

eg?:?I?am?sorry?for?you?.?

59?be?sorry?to?hear?that?很抱歉听到...(消息)

60?be?sorry?to?trouble?sb?很抱歉打扰

61?be?strict?in?doing?sth?严于做某事?

eg?:?He's?strict?in?obeying?noles.?


62?be?strict?with?sb?对某人要求严格?

eg:?Some?students?are?not?strict?with?themselves.?有些学生对自己不严格?


63?be?strict?with?sb?in?sth?某方面对某人严格???

64?be?supposed?to?do?被要求干什么?

65?be?sure?表确定?

66?be?sure?of?doing?sth?对做某事有信心?

eg:?He?is?sure?of?winning?I?am?sure?of?learning?English?well.???

67?be?sure?of?sth?对做某事有信心?

eg:?I'm?sure?of?my?head?/my?teacher.?我相信我的大脑(老师)???

68?be?sure?that?sth?对做某事有信心?

eg:?I'm?suer?that?he?can?pass?the?test.?


69?be?sure?to?do?sth一定会做某事

eg:?We?are?sure?to?pass?the?test.?大家一定会通过这次考试?

Weare?sure?to?learn?English?well.?大家一定能学好英语???


70?be?terrified?of?+?名/动doing?害怕……???

71?be?terrified?to?do?sth?害怕做某事??

72?be?the?same?as?…?和什么一样?

73?be?used?to?doing?sth?习惯做某事?

eg:?My?father?is?used?to?getting?up?early.?

我爸爸习惯早起。???


74?be?worth?doing?值得做什么?

75?be(feel)?afraid?to?do?sth?害怕做某事????????

be?afraid?of?sth?害怕某物????????

be?afraid?that?从句?


76?because+句子?

because?of?+短语?

eg?:?He?was?late?because?he?had?a?headache.

He?was?late?because?of?his?headache.


77?begin?to?do?=?start?to?do?开始做某事?

start…with…=begin…with…?以什么开始什么?


78?between…and…?两者之间?

79?borrow?sth?from?sb?向……借……?

lend?sth?to?sb?(?lend?sb?sth?借给……什么东西)

eg?:?I?borrowed?a?pen?from?him.我从他那借来笔。?

He?lent?a?pen?to?me.?/?He?lent?me?a?pen?.

他把笔借给我。


80?both?=?the?same(as)?=?not?different(from)?相同?

81?bother?

打扰?bother?sb?to?do?sth?

eg?:?I'm?sorry?to?bother?you?,but?can?you?tell?me?to?way?to?the?station.?

我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站。?

the?problem?has?been?bothering?me?for?weeks?.

这个问题困扰了我几个周了?


82?by?the?end?of?到……为止?


3

C


83?call?sb?sth?

eg?:?We?call?him?old?wang?.


84?care?关心?

eg?:?Don't?you?care?about?this?country's?future??

你为什么不关心国家的未来???


85?catch?up?with?sb?赶上某人?

86?chat?with?sb?和某人闲谈?

take?sb?to?+?地点?带某人去某地??

87?come?in?进???

88?come?over?to?过来?


89?come?up?with?提出?

eg:?Can?you?come?up?with?a?good?idea??

你能想出一个好办法吗????


90?communicate?with?sb?和某人交流?


91?consider?+?doing?考虑做什么?

eg?:?Why?not?consider?going?to?lu?zhou??

为什么不考虑去泸州????


4

D


92?dance?to?随着……跳舞?

eg?:?She?likes?dancing?to?the?music.?她喜欢随着音乐跳舞。


93?decide?to?do?sth?决定做某事???

94?do?a?survey?of?做某方面的调查??

95?do?better?in?在……方面做得更好??

96?do?wrong?做错?

97?Don't?forget?to?do?sth?不要忘了做某事???

98?Don't?mind?+doing?/从句?/名词?不要介意……??


5

E


99?each?+名(单)每一个…

eg?:?Each?student?has?many?books.

?每一个学生都有一些书?。?

100?end?up?+doing?以……结束???

101?enjoy?+doing喜欢?

102?escape?from?从……逃跑

eg:?The?prisoners?have?escaped?from?the?prison.

犯人从监狱里逃跑出来?。??


103?expect?to?do?sth?期待做某事?


6

    F


104?fall?down?摔下来?

fall?off?从哪摔下来???


105?fall?in?love?with?sb?/sth?爱上什么?

106?far?from?离某地远?

eg?:?The?school?is?far?from?my?home.???


107?find?+it?+adj?+to?do?发现做某事怎么样?

108?find?sb/sth?+adj?发现什么怎么样?

eg?:?I?find?the?book?interesting.???


109?finish?完成+doing(名词)?

110?fit?to?sb?=?be?fit?for?sb?适合某人?

111?forget?to?do?没有做而忘了?

forget?doing?做了而又忘了?

eg:?Don't?forget?to?go?home?I?forget?closing?door.?


112?from…to…?从某某到某某?

eg:?From?me?to?her.


7

H


139?hear?sb?+do/doing?听见某人做某事/正在做某事???

140?help?a?lot?很大用处?

141?help?sb?with?sth?\one's?sth?帮助某人某事(某方面)?

help?sb?(to)?do?sth?帮助某人做某事???


142?hope?to?do?sth?希翼做某事?

143?How?about(+doing)?=?What?about(+doing)?

144?how?do?you?like?=?what?do?you?think?of?

你对什么的看法?


8

 I


145?if?:?是否=wether?????

eg:?I?don't?know?if?(wether)?I?should?go?to?the?party?.

我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会.?


146?if?:如果,假如(全部接一般时态)+条件语态从句????

eg:?I'll?go?to?LuZhou?if?it?does't?rain.?

假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州?。


147?in?one's?opinion?=?sb?think?某人认为??

148?in?some?ways?在某些方面?

149?in?the?end?=?finally(adv)?最后?

150?in?the?north?of…?什么在什么的北方?

(north?北?sowth?南?west?西?east?东?)

151?in?the?sun?在太阳下?

152?increase?增加???

eg?:?They've?increased?the?prece?of?petrol?by?3%?.

他们把石油价增加了3%??。


153?instead?of?+(名?)?代替???

eg:?I'd?like?an?apple?instead?of?a?pear.

我想要苹果,而不要梨子。


154?introduce?sb?to?sb?先容某人给某人?

introduce?oneself?自我先容???


155?invite?sb?to?do?sth?邀请某人做某事?

156?It?takes?sb?sometime?to?do?sth?做某人花掉某人多少时间?

eg?:?It?took?me?5?minutes?to?do?my?homework.

It?takes?me?half?an?hour?to?cook?.


157?It's?+adj?+for?sb?to?do?sth?对某人来说做某事怎么样


158?It's?+adj?+to?do?做某事怎么样?

159?It's?+adj?for?sb?对于某人来说怎么样?

It's?+adj?of?sb?对某人来说太怎么样?


160?It's?+adj(for?sb)?to?do(对某人来说)做某事怎么样?

It's?+adj?of?sb?to?do?sth?对某人来说做某事太怎么样?

eg?:?It's?nice?of?you?to?help?me?with?my?English?.


161?It's?a?good?idea?for?sb?to?do?sth?对……?来说是个好主意?162?It's?important?to?sb?对某人来说很重要?

eg:?It's?important?to?me?.


163?It's?time?to?do?sth?It's?time?for?sth?

到了该去做某事的时间?

eg?:?It's?time?to?have?class?.

It's?time?for?class.?

9

J


164?join?=?take?part?in?参加???

165?just?now?刚才??

10

K


166?keep?+sb?/sth?+adj?/介词短语?让什么保持什么样????

167?keep?out?不让?……?进入?

168?keep?sb?adj?让……保持……?

eg:?I?want?to?keep?my?mother?happy.

keep?healthy?保持健康???


169?key?to?+名词?表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案???

170?key?to…?

anser?to?…?

key?可以是答题或钥匙??


11

L


171?laugh?at…?取笑……?

eg?:?Don't?langh?at?others?We?langhed?at?the?joke?.?


172?learn?by?oneslfe?自学?

173?learn?from?sb?向某人学习?

eg:?We?should?learn?from?Lei?Feng?.??


174?learn?to?do?sth?学做某事???

175?let?sb?do?sth?让某人做某事?

176?Let?sb?down?让某人失望?

eg?:?We?shouldn't?let?our?parents?down.

?大家不应该让大家的父母失望。???


177?live?from?:离某地远?

178?live?in?+大地方?/at?+小地方?居住在某地?

179?look?after?=?take?care?of?照顾?照看?

180?lose?one's?way?谁?迷?路?

eg?:?Lose?your?way?你迷路??

12

M

181?make?a?decision?to?do?sth?决定做某事?

182?make?friends?with?sb?和谁成为朋友?

eg?:?I?want?to?make?friends?with?you?.?

183?make?it?early?把时间定的早一点?

184?make?on?exhibition?of?oneself?让某人出洋相???

185?make?sb?/n?+n?使什么成为什么?

eg?:?I?made?her?my?step?moller?I?made?you?my?wife.??

186?make?sb?/sth?+adj?使某人(某物)怎么样?

eg?:?You?must?made?your?bed?clean?.??

187?make?sb?/sth?adj?使某人/某物怎么样?

188?make?sb?do?sth?让某人做某事?

eg?:?I?made?him?write?我以前让他写???

189?make?up?be?made?up?of?(被动语态)由……组成???

190?make…difference?to…

191?mind?sb?to?do?mind?one's?doing?介意……做什么???

192?most?+名?most?of?+代???

193?much?too?+形容词???

194?must?be?一定??

195?need?+名词????需要……?

196?need?sb?do?sth?需要某人做某事??

197?need?to?do?(实义动词)?need?do?(情态动词)????

199?no?+名词?

200?not?anymore?=?no?more?再也不……?

eg:?He?didn't?cry?any?more?/?He?cried?no?more?.

他再也不哭???

201?not…?(形?、副)at?all?

eg:?He's?not?tall?at?all.?????

She?doesn't?junp?far?at?all.?

202?not…at?all?一点都不?

203?not…either?表否定,也不?

eg?:?I?don't?japanse?either.?????????????

I?don't?have?sister,?either?我也没有姐姐?

204?not…until?直到……才……?

eg:?I?didn't?sleep?until?my?mother?came?back?.?????

The?child?didn't?stop?crying?until?I?give?her?sugar?.

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205?offer?/?provide?sb?with?sth?给某人提供?

206?offer?sb?sth?/?offer?sth?to?sb?提供什么东西给某人?

eg?:?I?offer?you?water?/?I?offer?water?to?you?.

我给你提供水?

207?on?one's?way?to…?在去……的路上?

208?on?the?one?hand??一方面????

on?the?other?hand??另一方面???

209?on?the?phone?=?over?the?phone?用电话交谈???

210?on?time???准时??

in?time??及时???

211?one?day?=some?day?=someday?一天,将来有一天???

212?one?of?+可数名词的复数形式???

213?one?to?another??一个到另一个?

214?over?and?over?again??一遍又一遍的???

eg?:?He?cleaned?the?floor?over?and?over?again.??

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215?part-time?job??兼职工作?????

full-time?job??全职工作???

216?pay?for…???付……钱???????

pay?the?bill??开钱?,付钱?

217?please?+do?

218?please?help?yourself?请随意?

219?be?pleased?with?sb???对某人感到满意???

220?pour?into???川流不息的涌入,源源而来???

221?practice?+doing???练习做某事?

222?prefer?sth?to?sth???相对……更喜欢……?

eg?:?I?prefer?physics?to?chemisty.???

在物理和化学中,我更喜欢物理???

prefer?doing?to?sth?更喜欢去做…不愿意去做…?

eg:?He?prefers?riding?a?bike?to?diving?.

他更喜欢骑自行车,不开小车????

prefer?to?do?sth?rather?than?do?sth?宁愿做…也不愿?

eg:?My?unde?prefers?to?buy?a?now?car?rather?than?repaivthe?used?one.?我叔叔更喜欢买新的车,也不去修旧车。???

prefer?sb?not?to?do?sth?更愿意…???

eg:?I?prefer?her?not?to?come?.我不喜欢她不来?

223?pretend?to?do?sth?装着去做什么????

pretend?that?从句?

eg?:?The?two?cheats?pretended?to?be?working?very?hard.?这两个骗子装着努力工作。????

He?pretended?that?he?did?not?know?the?answer.?

他装着不知道答案?。?

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224?rather…than?宁可……也不……?

eg?:?I?would?rather?be?a?doctor?than?a?teacher.?

我愿肯当医生,也不当老师。???

He?likes?dogs?rather?than?cats.?他喜欢狗,不喜欢猫。

225?regard…as?把……当作……?

eg:?Please?give?my?best?regards?to?your?family.?请带我向你的家人我最好的问候。????

I?regard?you?as?my?friend.?我把你当作我的朋友。???

He?shows?little?regard?for?others.?他不爱关心别人。

226?remid?sb?about?sth???提醒某人什么事???????????

remid?sb?to?do?sth????提醒某人做某事???

eg?:?He?remids?me?about?cooking?/He?remids?me?to?cook.他提醒我做饭???

227?remid?sb?of?sth???使某人想起什么???

eg?:?The?pictures?remind?me?of?my?school?days.???

这照片使我想起了我的学校??????????

The?words?that?(which)?the?teacher?talke?to?remind?me?of?my?mother.???

228?return?sth?to?sb???还什么东西给某人??

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229?say?to?oneself???对自己说???

230?say?to?sb???对某人说?

231?sb?spend?somemoney?on?sth??花了多少钱在某事上

232?sb?spend?sometime?with?sb??花了多少时间陪谁???

233?sb?spend?sometime(in)?doing?sth?花了多少时间做某事??

234?sb?with?sb?+is?sb?and?sb?+are?

235?see?sb?do?看见某人做过某事???????

see?sb?doing??看见某人正在做某事??

236?seem?to?do/be?+adj?显得怎么样?

eg?:?You?seem?to?be?tired?You?seem?to?be?happy.??

237?send?+sb?sth?送给某人某物???

238?send…to…把什么寄到哪里去????

239?shock?使……震惊?

eg?:?Oh?,?It's?only?you?!?You?give?me?a?shock.?

啊,是你呀!吓我一跳。???

240?show?sb?sth?向某人展示某物???

eg?:?I?show?her?the?book.?

241?show?sb?sth?=?show?sth?to?sb?拿什么东西给某人看???

eg:?Show?me?your?pen?=Show?your?pen?to?me.??

242?show?sth?to?sb???向某人展示某物???

eg?:?I?show?the?book?to?her.?

243?some…others…??一些……另一些……?

244?start…with…?从……开始????

=begin…with…?从……开始???

245?stay?away?from???远离……?

eg?:?We're?told?to?stay?away?from?the?animals?whe?visiting?the?zoo.?当大家参观动物园时,大家要远离动物。????????

If?you?want?to?lose?weight?you'd?better?stay?auay?from?the?sweet?food.?如果你想减肥,你最好远离甜食。??

246?stop?doing????停下正在做的事?

247?stop?sb?from?doing?sth????阻止某人做某事???

248?stop?sb(from)?doing???阻止某人做某事???

249?stop?to?do?停下正在做的事去做其他的事???

250?such?+名????这样?,这种???

251?suit?sb????适合某人?


252?surprise?sb????使…惊讶?????

to?one's?surprise??使……惊讶的是;使……感到震惊??


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253?take?classes???上课?

254?take?sb?to????把某人带去?????

eg?:?I'll?take?you?to?the?hospital.??

255?take?walks?=?take?a?walk?=?go?for?a?walk??散步???

256?①talk?to???对谁说??????

eg?:?I?talk?to?you.???

②?talk?with????和谁说??????

eg?:?I?talk?with?him.???

③?talk?of????谈到????

eg?:?We?talked?of?you.???

④?talk?about????谈论关于……?

257?talk?with?sb?和某人说话???

258?teach?sb?sth?教某人做某事???

259?tell?sb?do?sth?告诉某人做某事???

260?tell?sb?that?+从句???

tell?a?story?

261?tell?sb?sth?告诉某人某事???

262?tell?sb?to?do?sth?告诉某人做什么???

tell?sb?not?to?do?sth?告诉某人不要做什么???

263?tell…from…???

264?thank?you?for?+doing?

265?the?same?+名词?/?动名词?+?as……???

266?as…(adj.?/?adv.)…as?相同?

267?the?way?to?do?sth?=?the?way?of?doing?sth.??????

做……的方法???

the?way?to?+地方?去……的路?

eg:?Do?you?know?the?way?to?learn?English????

Do?you?know?the?way?of?learning?English???

268?the?way?to…(地点)?到哪的???

269?too…to…?太怎样而不能……???

adj?+enough?to?足够…能…???

so…that?+丛句?

eg:?He?is?too?young?to?go?to?school.?

=?He?is?so?young?that?he?can't?go?to?school.???

He?is?old?enough?to?go?to?school.?

=?He?is?so?old?that?he?can?go?to?school.???

270?transalte?……into……??把什么翻译成什么???

eg:?Trasalte?English?into?chinese.??

271?travel?with?sb??和某人去旅游?

272?try?one's?best?to?do?sth尽某人最大的努力去做某事???

eg:?I?will?try?my?best?to?learn?English?well.???

273?try?to?do?sth?想干什么,但没成功???

try?doing?sth?想干什么,已经做过了???

eg:?He?tried?to?climb.?他想爬上去,但没成功???

He?tried?climbing.???他想爬上去,已经做过了???

274?try…试衣服???

have?a?try?试一下???

275?turn?down?开小???

turn?up?开大???

276?turn?off?关上???

turn?on?打开???

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277?upside?down?倒着???

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278?visit?to…?参观某个地方??

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279?wait?for?sb?等某人

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